Several articles have been published with different types of themes.

Thus fifteen GDM-detected showed high nucleotide sequence homology with the Proteobacteria at phylum level, and Escherichia, Orchobacterium, Cronobacter, Shigella, Salmonella, Enterobacter, Klebsiella, Kosakonia, Vibrio dan Gamma-Proteobacterium at genus level compared to the healthy pregnant women which found by Firmicutes at phylum level and Ruminococcus, Clostridium, Clostridiales, Lachnospiraceae, Roseburia,  Weisella, Eubacterium at genus level had a higher abundance in healthy pregnant women. In this result, we found also one of the fifteen healthy pregnant women showed differential abundance with enrichment of Prevotella species. Gut microbiota of GDM-diagnosed pregnant women has more varied composition, and dominated by the phylum Proteobacteria than in normal pregnant women (Midwifery Program, Polytechnic of Bau-Bau, Midwifery Program, Institute of Health Sciences of Mega Rezky, Midwifery Academy, Tahirah Al Baeti).

The research type is experimental; the sample was 16 samples with two treatments namely coloring which using Orange G and without Orange G. The preparation quality which contains Orange G obtained moderate result of 12.5%, and good 87.5%. The preparation quality without Orange  G was not good  result  of 6.3%,  moderate 18.8%, and good 75%. The statistical test result of Chi Square and Kappa showed that the result was p>0.05 which means that comparison result of preparation quality which contains orange G and without orange G there was no significant difference (Faculty of Nursing and Health Sciences, Universitas Muhammadiyah Semarang & Anatomic Pathology Laboratory of Kardinah Hospital).

Published: 2020-03-31